Created On: January 31st 2018. Posted In: Journal Articles
Towards flexible and tailored botulinum neurotoxin dosing regimens for focal dystonia and spasticity - Insights from recent studies.

Wissel J - Toxicon (2018) Towards flexible and tailored botulinum neurotoxin dosing regimens for focal dystonia and spasticity

Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is an effective, well-tolerated, and well-established option for the treatment of dystonic and spastic movement disorders. However, a single approach does not suit all patients, even within one disease indication. The degree of flexibility in treatment protocols is determined by individual product licenses, which often lag behind real-world clinical experience. A number of patient/practitioner surveys conducted recently have highlighted a desire for greater flexibility than that currently approved, both in BoNT doses and in the intervals between consecutive doses. New evidence arising from research conducted during the last few years has opened new avenues for tailoring BoNT treatment to patients' needs. Data suggest that escalating incobotulinumtoxinA doses enables treatment of a greater number of spasticity patterns than current dose limitations allow, without compromising safety or tolerability. Similarly, in patients with cervical dystonia(CD), repeated injections of incobotulinumtoxinA at intervals as early as 6 weeks after a previous treatment, based on individual patient need, were effective and well tolerated. Here, the BoNT doses and dosing intervals currently indicated in the USA and European Union are reviewed, together with the use of BoNT for the treatment of spasticity, CD, and blepharospasm. Opportunities for tailored BoNT therapy are also discussed.