Created On: March 30th 2018. Posted In: Journal Articles
Personalized botulinum toxin type A therapy for cervical dystonia based on kinematic guidance.

Samotus O, Lee J, Jog M. Personalized botulinum toxin type A therapy for cervical dystonia based on kinematic guidance. J Neurol. 2018;

Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injections is the accepted first-line therapy for cervical dystonia (CD), however, numerous patients discontinue treatment early due to perceived sub-optimal relief. To improve BoNT-A therapy for CD, proper assessment of neck motion and selection of relevant muscles and dosing must be met. Kinematic technology may improve treatment outcomes by guiding physicians to better tailor muscle selection and BoNT-A dosing for CD therapy.

28 CD participants were placed into either group: expert injector determined injection patterns by visual assessment ("vb") versus injection patterns based on kinematics interpreted by an expert injector ("kb"). Injections occurred at weeks 0, 16 and 32 with follow-ups at weeks 6, 22 and 38. Kinematics utilized four sensors to capture the severity of multiaxial, static neck posturing (e.g., torticollis) and dynamic, spasmodic/tremor movements while participants were seated. Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale (TWSTRS) score changes were evaluated over 38 weeks. For the "kb" participants, there was a significant 28.8% (- 11.25 points) reduction in TWSTRS total score at week 6, as well as significant reduction in severity and disability TWSTRS sub-scores (parts I and II) with maintained improvement at subsequent visits. As for the "vb" participants had a significant reduction in total TWSTRS score by 28.5% (- 9.84 points) after week 22. Disability score for the "vb" group trended towards improvement over 38 weeks.

Clinical judgment guided by kinematic analysis of CD biomechanics can result in faster optimal muscle selections and minimize use of higher BoNT-A doses as compared to visual determination, thereby achieving comparable and potentially better treatment outcomes.